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Skin Rash On Kids – Rapid Diagnosis For Everyoneitchy ears

skin rash info and tips from a leading board certified dermatologist

Skin Rash On Kids

Your  Kid  has   a  rash ?   Where  did the rash  start  ? is it itchy ?  What  color is it ?  Does  he/her have  enlarged   lymph  gland ?  Learn the  how  to diagnose  the   most   common  kids  rashes , Measles, Chicken pox,  Rubella, Rubeolla and  more..

FeverItchyThe lesionLocationDurationAdditional signs
MeaslesYesMinimalFlat pink and then redFirst the face and
then the chest belly
and feet
4-7 daysBefore the rash
there is cough
and "red eyes"
RubellaYesNoFlat and redface and then truck and limbs 2-4 daysSwollen lymphs glands behind the years.
In older kids -
sometimes joint pains.
RubeollaYesNousually flat and pink, maybe sometimes a bit rough to the touchFirst the trunk and
then arms and neck. Minimal on face and feet.
1-2 daysStart with high temperature (fever) .
The rash appears
after the rash subsides.
Scarlet feverYesNoFlat, red , rough to the touch.First the face and then the elbows. Spreads rapidly in 24 hours to the rest of the body. 5-7 daysSore throat and then desquamation of skin
on the pals of the hands.
Fifth DiseaseNoNoFlat, Red, Lace like.Looks like a "slapped cheek" The rash can appear and disappear again during the disease. First the face, and then
teh rest of the body
Chicken PoxYesYesFlat red and then vesicles and crustscan start anywhere - Limbs , trunk, face, scalp/ 4-10 days The lesions start as
flat papules and than transform into vesicles
and crusts
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Leishmania Caused By Sand Flies – Best Tips

MosquitoR

Leishmania-

Sand flies are tiny, blood-sucking flies which sting exposed skin, especially of the face, arms and legs.  Since the female begins to hunt for prey at sunset, most bites occur at night.  In most cases the bites are slight, itch for several hours and gradually disappear.

The bite of the sand fly is only dangerous in the region of the Dead Sea, Israel.  There the flies bear a parasite called Leishmania, which causes an ulcerous disease generically called Leishmaniasis.  If the parasite is transmitted to humans, after several weeks a purulent ulcer can develop which remains for months and eventually leaves a scar.  Since a sand fly cannot fly higher than 20 centimeters (8 inches) from the ground, anyone sleeping in the region of the Dead Sea should sleep on a bed or on a raised platform.  Trousers and long sleeved shirts should be worn at night and an insect repellent should be used.

TREATMENT

The treatment for the bites of regular sand flies is the same as for mosquito bites.  If a purulent lesion develops, a dermatologist should be consulted immediately to prevent the development of Leishmaniasis.  Early treatment of the disease, either by injections or the use of creams and ointments especially formulated to combat Leishmaniasis, can prevent the formation of scars after the lesions have healed.

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Bed Bugs and Fleas – Best Tips

BEDBUGS

Bedbugs are usually found in old buildings which are not well cared for.  Bedbugs are wingless, red-brown in color, an need moisture. During the day they hide in beds, under carpets and rugs, in the cracks in old furniture and in walls.  At night they leave their hiding places in search of food: human blood.  In most cases their bites are only perceived the following morning, the marks forming straight lines of red dots.  If the person bitten is particularly sensitive, the itchy red spots can last for several weeks.  In addition to treating the bites themselves with ice and soothing creams and lotions, the bedbugs should be destroyed, and if necessary an exterminator should be called to fumigate the furniture.

TREATMENT

The same treatment is recommended the bites of bedbugs as for mosquito bites.

FLEAS

These insects are parasites, usually living on mammals and birds.  House pets like cats and dogs can serve as their natural breeding grounds.  Humans are rarely affected by fleas, and then only when the animal is very heavily infested.

Fleas often remain on the rugs or sofas where pets sleep, and if their usual host is absent they will exploit humans to insure their food supply.  Fleas are also found on lawns and in sandboxes where infested animals have been.  Flea bites generally appear as swollen, very itchy red spots, concentrated on the legs, usually during hot weather and most frequently on children.  Whenever such a concentration of red spots is found, the pet and the area around the house should be examined carefully, and anti-flea measures taken.  The cat or dog should wear an anti-flea collar, which will keep the pet free of fleas as long as the collar is worn.

TREATMENT

The same treatment is recommended flea bites as for mosquito bites.  Flea bites will continue until the fleas have been gotten rid of.

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Bees And Wasps Stings – Best Tips

Bees And Wasps Stings-

Only the female bee has a sting, which is located at the end of its abdomen.  When a bee stings it injects poison into the flesh of its victim, causing an irritation.  A person who has been stung by a bee experiences local pain, redness and swelling for about 48 hours.  On clear, sunny days when there are many flowers in bloom, it is highly unlikely that a bee will sting a human being.  However, when it is cloudy, a person wearing bright colors, especially red or yellow, is liable to attract a bee’s attention.  They usually sting if they are annoyed or feel that they are in danger.  Wasps, on the other hand, usually attack if their nests are approached; they should therefore be left alone.  If bees or wasps have built a nest near your house in a hollow tree or a recess in a wall, call a professional exterminator to destroy it.

TREATMENT

Bee stings, with their poison sacks, remain in the skin, and must be removed as quickly as possible.  Wasps, on the other hand, retain their stings and can therefore sting again.

WARNING!  Squeezing a bee sting can drive the poison further into the skin.  It is preferable to try to remove the sting with a needle, knifepoint or fingernail.

Bee and wasp stings should be washed with soap and water, and ice can be used to relieve pain.  As soon as a bee stings, it releases a chemical substance which attracts other bees to the area, so that one sting can be the cause of dozens more.  Spreading smoke, for instance by waving burning cigarettes in the air, can repel angry bees and prevent further stings.

Applying an anesthetic like benzocaine or a cream containing cortisone can relieve pain for a short time.  If there are multiple stings an antihistamine should be taken orally to alleviate itching and reduce swelling.  Remember that some of these drugs contain substances which can reduce alertness, and therefore they should not be taken while driving a car or engaging in any other activity which requires alertness or concentration.

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Insect Bites – What Should I Do ?

Insect  Bites-

There are more than a million different kinds of insects in the world.  An insect is a six-legged animal with two antennae, generally possessing a rigid exoskeleton and often winged.  Among the insect family are classed the various kinds of ants, bees, roaches, fleas, bedbugs, lice, mosquitoes and various kinds of flies.  Many of them are unwanted guests in our homes.  Some of them are not injurious to man, others are annoying, and there are some which can endanger human life.  During the summer, contact with insects is more intensive.  We leave doors and windows open and stay outside for many hours, either on trips in the countryside or just sitting on the porch or in the garden.  Being aware of insect behavior patterns can help us protect ourselves and in most cases avoid bites and stings.

INSECT STINGS (BITES)

A sting is a small puncture wound.  The insect stings its victim to obtain the blood on which it lives.  The organs of its mouth are constructed in such a way as to allow them to penetrate the skin.  The sting causes itching, an allergic reaction to substances in the insect’s saliva which is injected into the skin when the insect feeds.  Some insects secrete various substances around the area of the sting, and scratching makes them penetrate.  Different people react differently to insect bites.  People who live in the same house and are exposed to the bites of the same mosquitoes do not necessarily react in the same way.  Some will experience a small number of bites and suffer only slightly while others will be stung many times and suffer for days or even weeks.  In a small percentage of cases bites scratched with dirty fingernails become infected.  If this happens, it is advisable to consult a physician, who will prescribe an antibiotic ointment.  Much more serious are insects whose bite introduces disease-bearing organisms into the body, such as the Anopheles mosquito, which carries malaria.

MOSQUITOES

Mosquitoes are a plague in summer.  Since heat and water are an optimal combination for them, all sources of standing water should be destroyed.  Screens on doors and windows are very important in preventing mosquitoes from entering the home.  People who are susceptible to mosquito bites and go on trips or to summer camps where mosquitoes are prevalent should use an insect repellent and wear the proper clothing: long pants, socks and long-sleeved shirts.  The disadvantage of insect repellents is that they evaporate after two or three hours and have to be reapplied.  If they have not been applied thoroughly, there will always be a hungry mosquito who will find a small patch of unprotected skin to light on.  It is only the female mosquitoes who feed on blood; male mosquitoes are vegetarians, living on the nectar of plants,  they pose no problem for humans.  Insect repellents are usually safe for people of all ages.  Anyone unwilling to use a chemical insect repellent can use an electric repellent which emits anti-insect odors into the air, or electric bug-killers which in effect electrocute the flying insects which are attracted to their glowing wires.

TREATMENT

A mosquito bite should not be scratched.  The area should be washed with soap and water and if the bite is very annoying, ice or cold compresses can be used to relieve the pain and to reduce redness and swelling.  Calamine lotion will stop the itch.  Extreme sensitivity at the site of the bite or the discharge of a yellow fluid are sometimes the result of a bacterial infection which has been caused by scratching.  In these cases a physician should be consulted in order to obtain antibiotic treatment.

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Spider Bites Treatment And Prevention Rules

Sider  bite  (Brown  recluse)

Spider Bites Treatment And  Prevention-

Most spiders do not bite and are not at all dangerous.  Exceptions to this rule are the Black Widow spider and the Brown Recluse spider.  The Brown Recluse spider, which has a violin-shaped design on its back, is shy by nature, tending to live in clothes closets, unused dresser drawers and dusty storerooms.  Its bite is usually not felt and is only discovered after about eight hours.  The bite appears as a bluish-white area in whose center is a small and very painful sting.  Around this central area appears a widening red ring which can reach a diameter of 20 centimeters (8 inches) and more.

Since in some cases the central white area can become gangrenous, a dermatologist must be consulted if the bite of a Brown Recluse spider is suspected.  When taking clothes out of storage at the beginning of the summer, remember to shake them out thoroughly in case a Brown Recluse spider is hiding inside.  It is especially important to shake out clothing before getting dressed when camping outdoors, since a Brown Recluse spider may have crawled out from under the rocks and into warm clothing.

WHAT TO DO ?

If the spider which caused the bite can be trapped, bring it with you to your dermatologist or family physician for identification.  Primary treatment includes bedrest, immobilizing the affected area, and moistening the area with a saline solution (two teaspoons of salt disso lived in one liter of water which has been boiled and cooled).  Since the poison of the Brown Recluse spider penetrates the skin rapidly, it cannot be neutralized.  If the central white area does not disappear and becomes numb or develops blisters, the use of oral antibiotics, steroids or a drug called Dapson  should be considered.

ALLERGIC REACTIONS TO INSECT POISONS

Two percent of the population are allergic to insect poisons.  The first sting causes heightened sensitivity.  The second sting, months or years later, can cause rashes which spread over the skin, a sharp drop in blood pressure and breathing difficulties which can lead to choking and death.  Any person who knows that he or she is allergic to insect bites must carry a special syringe at all times containing epinephrine.  This automatic syringe should be used immediately after an insect bite to reduce tissue swelling and prevent the danger of strangulation.  The patient must go to the emergency room of the nearest hospital to receive treatment consisting of steroids (injected or taken orally) in conjunction with antihistamines.  People who are allergic to insect bites and travel to areas without regular medical services should take appropriate medication with them, as prescribed by their family physicians or dermatologists.

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Fungal Skin Infections – What To Do ?

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Fungal Skin Infections-

Fungal  infections of the body caused by dermatophytes are common among children who come into close contact with pets.  These infections appear as scaly flat rings with red edges and pale centers.  The rings grow and cover large areas of the body, including the face.  Since the external symptoms of the infection can be mistaken for other diseases (i.e. psoriasis), dermatophytes should be identified by demonstrating their presence in a culture of the scales.  Incorrect treatment, such as the use of medications containing cortisone, can worsen the infection and cause it to spread to other areas of the body.

Early Treatment-

Early treatment is critical.  Untreated fungus infections spread rapidly and can be transmitted to other members of the family.  Scarring occurs in certain cases, especially if the patient scratches the infected site, or if there is a secondary bacterial infection.  Washing the area with an antifungal soap containing iodine and applying fungicidal creams and ointments are only effective during the early stages of a fungus infection.  In most cases the attending dermatologist will recommend a fungicide taken orally for about two months.  In any event, whenever a fungus infection has been diagnosed it is important to determine its source.  If the source is found to be a family pet, the animal must be treated by a veterinarian.

FUNGAL INFECTIONS OF THE SCALP

The most common form of fungus infections of the scalp is ringworm.  It usually affects children and is only rarely found in adults.  It appears as round areas on the scalp from which the hairs have broken off.  If there is no severe inflammation, the area will be dry and covered with white scales and black dots, which are actually the stumps of the broken hairs.  When a severe inflammation is present, the affected areas are red, swollen and covered with a purulent discharge.  The presence of such an inflammation indicates that the fungus has penetrated into the skin of the scalp, and scarring will occur.  In severe cases there is fever and the lymph glands of the neck are swollen.

There is a less frequent form of fungus infection of the scalp called favus which also primarily affects babies and children.  If not properly treated, the disease can continue into adolescence.  In the presence of favus the hair loses its shine and the scalp turns red, with small, yellow, bowl-shaped scabs clinging to the skin and to the hair.  In certain instances there is an unpleasant odor (reminiscent of mouse’s urine), and sometimes the nails are affected.

TREATMENT

A fungus infection of the scalp can cause irreversible damage to the hair roots, leading to permanent bald patches.  It is therefore important to consult a dermatologist as soon as possible.  Such fungi are extremely infectious, and the patient should be isolated from other children until treatment has begun.  Topical medications and shampoos do not penetrate the skin of the scalp and do not destroy the fungus in the hair follicles.

It is now accepted practice to treat the disease orally.

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Athlet’s Feet Treatment And Prevention Are Possible

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Athletes Feet Treatment And Prevention-

Fungus infections between the toes are very common, particularly in hot countries.  The warmth and moisture produced (between the fourth and fifth toes especially) provide an ideal environment for the development of fungi.They multiply and cause itching, maceration of the skin (the outer layer of the skin absorbs water, turns white and sloughs off); later, painful cracks appear.

Continued wearing of rubber-soled shoes or heavy boots increases the risk of this type of infection.  If left untreated it may spread to the soles of the feet and to the toenails.  Cracks between the toes can provide a source of bacteria which cause a serious skin infection called erysipelas.  Treating this disease in its early stage is simple.  For fifteen minutes every evening, the feet should be soaked in a basin of hot water to which a disinfectant soap containing iodine has been added.

After the feet have been thoroughly dried, a fungicidal cream or ointment should be applied to the soles of the feet and between the toes.  There are many such preparations on the market today, including Agispor, Cicloderm and Myco Hermal.  Treatment should be continued for two to three weeks after the symptoms have disappeared.

Prevent Reinfection-

To prevent reinfection, the feet should be exposed to the air as often as possible.  Cotton socks are preferable; shoes with leather soles (in which the feet perspire less) or sandals should be worn.  Wash the feet often and dust them with talc to absorb perspiration.

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Skin Fungi Treatment – Fast And Easy !

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Skin Fungi Treatment-

There are hundreds of thousands of types of fungi in the world.

This immense class of organisms can be found in the air, in the soil, in plants and on the bodies of animals and humans.  Fungi constitute the mold on bathroom tiles, the yeast responsible for the fermentation of wine and beer, and of course the gourmet mushrooms we like to find on our plates.  Of the approximately 120,000 kinds of fungi known today, only about 50 cause disease in men and animals.  Disease-causing fungi are divided into three main groups: dermatophytes, yeast infections (Candidiasis) and Mucorales.  Fungal infections are classed according to their locations on the body.

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Diaper Rash Treatment – 8 Best Tips !

Diaperdermatitis

Diaper Rash Treatment-

The skin of an infant is very thin and easily damaged.  Even short exposure to the sun’s rays or to hot water will cause a burn.  The use of chemicals and soaps which are unsuitable for an infant’s delicate skin can lead to irritation or to the development of an allergic reaction.  In recent years there has been considerable evidence showing that a connection exists between frequent sunburn in childhood and an increased risk of skin growths in later life, and therefore it is advisable to protect an infant’s skin from excessive sunshine.  He or she should be placed in a shady spot and if necessary a sunscreen specially formulated for infant skin. Because of the fact that the sweat glands are not fully active, infants sometimes develop “prickly heat,” also known as milaria. The problem can easily be solved by regulating room temperature, dressing the baby in light, loose clothing and by avoiding the use of greasy salves and lotions which prevent the evaporation of perspiration.  If necessary the skin can be cooled by wiping it with a sponge or washcloth dipped in cool water.  Calamine lotion can also be used.

WHAT IS DIAPER RASH?

Diaper rash is the most common skin complaint found among infants.  It is so common that almost every baby seems to suffer from it at least once.  Diaper rash is an inflammation characterized by redness and irritation on those areas of the skin covered by the diaper: buttocks, groin, thighs and lower stomach.  This rash develops as the result of a combination of causes.  Continued contact with urine irritates the skin, and bacteria from the feces cause the urine to break down into agents which worsen the irritation.  In the moist, warm environment of the diaper, bacteria and fungi also develop.  They multiply chiefly in the folds of the skin and create lesions which look like shiny red patches, sometimes covered with a whitish discharge.

HOW CAN DIAPER RASH BE PREVENTED?

  1. The baby’s skin should be washed with a mild soap and dried carefully in order not to damage it further.
  2. It is advisable to make frequent use of a fragrance-free skin cream or protective lotion.
  3. Special “night diapers,” which absorb more, should be used.
  4. Diapers should be changed as frequently as possible, even every hour, if necessary.
  5. The affected skin should be carefully washed and dried every time the diaper is changed.
  6. It is advisable to use thick, fragrance-free sterile wipes in order to avoid allergic reactions.
  7. If the weather is suitable, the baby can be left without a diaper for short periods of time.
  8. If the rash does not go away within a few days in spite of all the above precautions, consult your doctor about the advisability of using a fungicide or an anti-inflammatory preparation (steroids).
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