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Atopic Dermatitis – Treatment Update Tips And Tricks

Atopic dermatitis manifests itself as irritated red areas of skin-

These areas are usually found in the folds of the skin and on the inner sides of the elbows, behind the knees and around the eyes.

In difficult cases, especially in children, the inflammation and irritation can also appear on the skin of the face, palms, scalp and back.  In certain cases the irritation is so severe that it causes sleepless nights and difficulties in school and at work.  Sometimes scratching the skin with unwashed hands causes topical bacterial infections which exacerbate the redness and pain.  Since atopic dermatitis usually appears in families with a tendency to asthma or to allergic rhinitis, it is sometimes calledasthma of the skin”.

Atopic dermatitis first appears in infant-hood or childhood-

It can continue into adolescence or even adulthood.  Its cause is not completely known, but it would seem to be linked to the fact that the skin of the affected person reacts more strongly to irritations.  The irritation can be external, e.g. cold weather, hot weather, pollen, dust or certain foods, and it can be internal, e.g. nervous tension.  There are dermatologists who believe that a small percentage (about 10%) of infants and children who suffer from atopic dermatitis are sensitive to cows’ milk, eggs or fish, which worsen the symptoms of the disease.  On the other hand, as far as adults are concerned, no link has been found so far between foods and atopic dermatitis.


Basis for treatment  is moisturizing the skin  that may  prevent  most  flare ups.  On the  red  inflamed  areas one  may   apply   steroids  creams   or  one  of the  new   non steroidal anti inflammatory  creams (Elidel or protopic). Internal medications   such  as   antihistamines  or  Profiten  may  relieve  the itch.

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Nutrition for better skin skintricks.com

Dry Skin – the Natural Solution

If уоu аrе lооkіng fоr а dry skin treatment, lооk nо farther thаn уоur kitchen. Υоu саn mаkе а dry skin natural remedy јust bу combining common foods аnd applying thеm tо thе skin. Ѕоmе foods асt аs аn internal remedy fоr dry skin аs well. Ѕоmе оf thе ingredients thаt саn bе usеd іn а hоmе treatment fоr extremely dry skin аrе honey, yogurt, olive oil, аnd oatmeal.

Honey, а dry skin natural remedy, іs а substance thаt іs healing tо thе skin. Whеn applied tо thе skin іt іs healing аnd moisturizing. Іt removes dead skin cells frоm thе surface аnd stimulates renewal аnd regrowth оf skin tissues. Іt іs аlsо antibacterial. Іn severe cases, уоu саn рut honey оn skin thаt nееds а bandage. Іt will kеер thе bandage frоm sticking tо thе wounded skin. Yogurt саn bе usеd аs а skin cleanser, acting аs а natural moisturizer. Oatmeal heals аnd soothes dry skin, аnd helps thе skin tо slough оff dead skin cells.

Cold-pressed olive oil works аs аn emollient, whісh mеаns іt soothes аnd softens. Іt helps reduce thе itching оf eczema, whісh іs а itchy skin condition characterized bу oozing lesions. Eczema іs sоmеtіmеs associated wіth dry skin but nоt аlwауs. Olive oil саn аlsо bе usеd оn thе scalp аs а remedy fоr extremely dry skin аnd hair. Νоt оnlу саn olive oil bе usеd externally, іt іs аlsо аn internal remedy fоr dry skin, аlоng wіth оthеr healthy oils. Іf уоu suffer frоm dry skin, trу adding sоmе heathful oils tо уоur diet. Іt dоеsn’t tаkе а lot, аs oils аrе vеrу high іn calories. Nuts аrе full оf beneficial oil, аs аrе fatty fish, suсh аs salmon аnd mackeral.

Certain herb teas work аs аn internal remedy fоr dry skin. Usе оnе teaspoon оf thе dried herb tо оnе cup оf boiling water. Remove frоm heat аnd lеt steep fоr 5 minutes. Covering thе cup wіth а saucer whіlе іt іs steeping will kеер thе medicinal properties оf thе herb frоm evaporating аwау. Ѕоmе herbs thаt аrе beneficial аs аn internal remedy fоr dry skin problems аrе marshmallow, dandelion, peppermint, calendula, borage, аnd chamomile.

Soap аnd body wash аrе drying tо thе skin. Υоu саn mаkе аn alternative tо а bar оf soap bу tying oatmeal flour оr іn а cloth tea bag саn bе usеd іnstеаd оf soap.

The fоllоwіng hоmе remedy fоr dry skin іs а soothing facial mask thаt саn bе mаdе frоm ingredients іn уоur kitchen. Combine аn egg yolk wіth а tablespoon оf mayonnaise оr yogurt аnd аnd аnоthеr tablespoon оf honey. Іf уоu usе yogurt, add а 1/2 tsp. оf almond oil. Apply tо skin lightly аnd lеt іt dry. Wash оff gently wіth warm water. Аnоthеr healing facial mask thаt іs а remedy fоr extremely dry skin іs tо beat аn egg аnd add oat flour tо іt. Υоu саn mаkе oat flour bу whizzing oatmeal аrоund іn thе blender. Spread thе mixture оn уоur face аnd relax fоr 10 minutes bеfоrе gently washing іt аwау. Аlwауs treat уоur delicate dry skin wіth thе utmost оf care.

Here іs аn alphabetical list оf botanicals (plant products) thаt hаvе bееn fоund beneficial іn creating а dry skin natural remedy (tо bе usеd оn thе surface оf thе skin): aloe vera, apple, apricot pulp, banana pulp, chamomile, comfrey root, coriander seed, elderflower, fennel seed, grape pulp, green tea leaf, honey, kefir, lavender flower, licorice root, mango pulp, marshmallow root, whоlе milk, oatmeal, rose petals, аnd yogurt. Add tо thеsе whоlе milk, еіthеr cow’s оr goat’s, аnd thе cultured milk products yogurt аnd kefir. Honey аnd egg yolk round оut thе kitchen pharmacy fоr dry skin solutions. Іf уоu wіsh tо trу creating уоur оwn dry skin solutions usіng thеsе ingredients, рlеаsе choose plant products thаt hаvе nоt bееn sprayed wіth pesticides. Furthеrmоrе, dоn’t gather wild herbs thаt grow nеаr а busy highway. Тhе plants will absorb thе exhaust fumes frоm thе traffic аnd mіght dо mоrе harm thаn good. Іf уоu usе seeds, mаkе а strong tea оf thеm bу boiling thеm gently fоr 10 minutes аnd thеn letting thеm steep fоr аn hour.


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Leishmania Caused By Sand Flies – Best Tips


Sand flies are tiny, blood-sucking flies which sting exposed skin, especially of the face, arms and legs.  Since the female begins to hunt for prey at sunset, most bites occur at night.  In most cases the bites are slight, itch for several hours and gradually disappear.

The bite of the sand fly is only dangerous in the region of the Dead Sea, Israel.  There the flies bear a parasite called Leishmania, which causes an ulcerous disease generically called Leishmaniasis.  If the parasite is transmitted to humans, after several weeks a purulent ulcer can develop which remains for months and eventually leaves a scar.  Since a sand fly cannot fly higher than 20 centimeters (8 inches) from the ground, anyone sleeping in the region of the Dead Sea should sleep on a bed or on a raised platform.  Trousers and long sleeved shirts should be worn at night and an insect repellent should be used.



The treatment for the bites of regular sand flies is the same as for mosquito bites.  If a purulent lesion develops, a dermatologist should be consulted immediately to prevent the development of Leishmaniasis.  Early treatment of the disease, either by injections or the use of creams and ointments especially formulated to combat Leishmaniasis, can prevent the formation of scars after the lesions have healed.

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Bed Bugs and Fleas – Best Tips


Bedbugs are usually found in old buildings which are not well cared for.  Bedbugs are wingless, red-brown in color, an need moisture. During the day they hide in beds, under carpets and rugs, in the cracks in old furniture and in walls.  At night they leave their hiding places in search of food: human blood.  In most cases their bites are only perceived the following morning, the marks forming straight lines of red dots.  If the person bitten is particularly sensitive, the itchy red spots can last for several weeks.  In addition to treating the bites themselves with ice and soothing creams and lotions, the bedbugs should be destroyed, and if necessary an exterminator should be called to fumigate the furniture.


The same treatment is recommended the bites of bedbugs as for mosquito bites.


These insects are parasites, usually living on mammals and birds.  House pets like cats and dogs can serve as their natural breeding grounds.  Humans are rarely affected by fleas, and then only when the animal is very heavily infested.

Fleas often remain on the rugs or sofas where pets sleep, and if their usual host is absent they will exploit humans to insure their food supply.  Fleas are also found on lawns and in sandboxes where infested animals have been.  Flea bites generally appear as swollen, very itchy red spots, concentrated on the legs, usually during hot weather and most frequently on children.  Whenever such a concentration of red spots is found, the pet and the area around the house should be examined carefully, and anti-flea measures taken.  The cat or dog should wear an anti-flea collar, which will keep the pet free of fleas as long as the collar is worn.


The same treatment is recommended flea bites as for mosquito bites.  Flea bites will continue until the fleas have been gotten rid of.

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Bees And Wasps Stings – Best Tips

Bees And Wasps Stings-

Only the female bee has a sting, which is located at the end of its abdomen.  When a bee stings it injects poison into the flesh of its victim, causing an irritation.  A person who has been stung by a bee experiences local pain, redness and swelling for about 48 hours.  On clear, sunny days when there are many flowers in bloom, it is highly unlikely that a bee will sting a human being.  However, when it is cloudy, a person wearing bright colors, especially red or yellow, is liable to attract a bee’s attention.  They usually sting if they are annoyed or feel that they are in danger.  Wasps, on the other hand, usually attack if their nests are approached; they should therefore be left alone.  If bees or wasps have built a nest near your house in a hollow tree or a recess in a wall, call a professional exterminator to destroy it.


Bee stings, with their poison sacks, remain in the skin, and must be removed as quickly as possible.  Wasps, on the other hand, retain their stings and can therefore sting again.

WARNING!  Squeezing a bee sting can drive the poison further into the skin.  It is preferable to try to remove the sting with a needle, knifepoint or fingernail.

Bee and wasp stings should be washed with soap and water, and ice can be used to relieve pain.  As soon as a bee stings, it releases a chemical substance which attracts other bees to the area, so that one sting can be the cause of dozens more.  Spreading smoke, for instance by waving burning cigarettes in the air, can repel angry bees and prevent further stings.

Applying an anesthetic like benzocaine or a cream containing cortisone can relieve pain for a short time.  If there are multiple stings an antihistamine should be taken orally to alleviate itching and reduce swelling.  Remember that some of these drugs contain substances which can reduce alertness, and therefore they should not be taken while driving a car or engaging in any other activity which requires alertness or concentration.

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Insect Bites – What Should I Do ?

Insect  Bites-

There are more than a million different kinds of insects in the world.  An insect is a six-legged animal with two antennae, generally possessing a rigid exoskeleton and often winged.  Among the insect family are classed the various kinds of ants, bees, roaches, fleas, bedbugs, lice, mosquitoes and various kinds of flies.  Many of them are unwanted guests in our homes.  Some of them are not injurious to man, others are annoying, and there are some which can endanger human life.  During the summer, contact with insects is more intensive.  We leave doors and windows open and stay outside for many hours, either on trips in the countryside or just sitting on the porch or in the garden.  Being aware of insect behavior patterns can help us protect ourselves and in most cases avoid bites and stings.


A sting is a small puncture wound.  The insect stings its victim to obtain the blood on which it lives.  The organs of its mouth are constructed in such a way as to allow them to penetrate the skin.  The sting causes itching, an allergic reaction to substances in the insect’s saliva which is injected into the skin when the insect feeds.  Some insects secrete various substances around the area of the sting, and scratching makes them penetrate.  Different people react differently to insect bites.  People who live in the same house and are exposed to the bites of the same mosquitoes do not necessarily react in the same way.  Some will experience a small number of bites and suffer only slightly while others will be stung many times and suffer for days or even weeks.  In a small percentage of cases bites scratched with dirty fingernails become infected.  If this happens, it is advisable to consult a physician, who will prescribe an antibiotic ointment.  Much more serious are insects whose bite introduces disease-bearing organisms into the body, such as the Anopheles mosquito, which carries malaria.


Mosquitoes are a plague in summer.  Since heat and water are an optimal combination for them, all sources of standing water should be destroyed.  Screens on doors and windows are very important in preventing mosquitoes from entering the home.  People who are susceptible to mosquito bites and go on trips or to summer camps where mosquitoes are prevalent should use an insect repellent and wear the proper clothing: long pants, socks and long-sleeved shirts.  The disadvantage of insect repellents is that they evaporate after two or three hours and have to be reapplied.  If they have not been applied thoroughly, there will always be a hungry mosquito who will find a small patch of unprotected skin to light on.  It is only the female mosquitoes who feed on blood; male mosquitoes are vegetarians, living on the nectar of plants,  they pose no problem for humans.  Insect repellents are usually safe for people of all ages.  Anyone unwilling to use a chemical insect repellent can use an electric repellent which emits anti-insect odors into the air, or electric bug-killers which in effect electrocute the flying insects which are attracted to their glowing wires.


A mosquito bite should not be scratched.  The area should be washed with soap and water and if the bite is very annoying, ice or cold compresses can be used to relieve the pain and to reduce redness and swelling.  Calamine lotion will stop the itch.  Extreme sensitivity at the site of the bite or the discharge of a yellow fluid are sometimes the result of a bacterial infection which has been caused by scratching.  In these cases a physician should be consulted in order to obtain antibiotic treatment.

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Sider  bite  (Brown  recluse)

Spider Bites Treatment And Prevention Rules

Spider Bites Treatment And  Prevention-

Most spiders do not bite and are not at all dangerous.  Exceptions to this rule are the Black Widow spider and the Brown Recluse spider.  The Brown Recluse spider, which has a violin-shaped design on its back, is shy by nature, tending to live in clothes closets, unused dresser drawers and dusty storerooms.  Its bite is usually not felt and is only discovered after about eight hours.  The bite appears as a bluish-white area in whose center is a small and very painful sting.  Around this central area appears a widening red ring which can reach a diameter of 20 centimeters (8 inches) and more.

Since in some cases the central white area can become gangrenous, a dermatologist must be consulted if the bite of a Brown Recluse spider is suspected.  When taking clothes out of storage at the beginning of the summer, remember to shake them out thoroughly in case a Brown Recluse spider is hiding inside.  It is especially important to shake out clothing before getting dressed when camping outdoors, since a Brown Recluse spider may have crawled out from under the rocks and into warm clothing.


If the spider which caused the bite can be trapped, bring it with you to your dermatologist or family physician for identification.  Primary treatment includes bedrest, immobilizing the affected area, and moistening the area with a saline solution (two teaspoons of salt disso lived in one liter of water which has been boiled and cooled).  Since the poison of the Brown Recluse spider penetrates the skin rapidly, it cannot be neutralized.  If the central white area does not disappear and becomes numb or develops blisters, the use of oral antibiotics, steroids or a drug called Dapson  should be considered.


Two percent of the population are allergic to insect poisons.  The first sting causes heightened sensitivity.  The second sting, months or years later, can cause rashes which spread over the skin, a sharp drop in blood pressure and breathing difficulties which can lead to choking and death.  Any person who knows that he or she is allergic to insect bites must carry a special syringe at all times containing epinephrine.  This automatic syringe should be used immediately after an insect bite to reduce tissue swelling and prevent the danger of strangulation.  The patient must go to the emergency room of the nearest hospital to receive treatment consisting of steroids (injected or taken orally) in conjunction with antihistamines.  People who are allergic to insect bites and travel to areas without regular medical services should take appropriate medication with them, as prescribed by their family physicians or dermatologists.

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nail fungus info and tips from a leading board certified dermatologist

Nail Fungi – Onychomycosis Can Be Cured !

Nail Fungi – Onychomycosis

Onychomycosis of Nail fungus is a very common problem. 35 Million Americans suffer from nail fungus.

Nearly 50% of people aged 60 and above are stricken with some type of nail fungus.
The common features are dryness and disintegration of the nail plate in toe nails and less commonly in the finger nails.

The incidence of fungus infections of the nails increases with age. It usually begins with the toenails, and after a number of years may migrate to the fingernails. Most patients who suffer from fungus infections of the toenails also suffer from athlete’s foot, the symptoms of which are maceration and cracks of the skin and an intense itch. The affected nails are usually thick and yellow, with flaking upper surfaces.

The fingernails of housewives and of people who work in hot, moist environments (such as cooks and bakers) can be affected by a fungus called Candida. In these cases the skin surrounding the affected nails becomes red and infected; the damage begins at the base and sides of the nail.

Since there are other diseases which affect the nails, such as psoriasis, laboratory tests should be performed before treatment is begun in order to confirm the presence of a fungus and its exact classification.

The 4 types of onychomycosis:

Distal subungual onychomycosis is the most common
form of tinea unguium, and is usually caused by Trichophyton rubrum, which invades the nail bed and the underside of the nail plate.
White superficial onychomycosis (WSO) is caused by fungal invasion
of the superficial layers of the nail plate to form “white islands” on the plate. It accounts for only 10 percent of onychomycosis cases.
Proximal subungual onychomycosis is fungal penetration of the newly formed nail plate through the proximal nail fold found more commonly when the patient is immunocompromised.

Candidal onychomycosis is Candida species invasion of the fingernails, usually
occurring in persons who frequently immerse their hands in water.


Despite the fact that fungus infections of the nails are not painful, they should always be treated. Untreated nails serve as a reservoir of fungi which spread to the surrounding skin, causing itching and discomfort when jewelry is worn.

In a relatively high percentage of cases, antifungal creams and lotions are not effective in curing infections of the nails. When only one nail has been affected, it may possibly be cured by dissolving the nail in a cream containing a high concentration of urea and fungicide. Unfortunately, this treatment fails in most cases, and the fungus must be treated with oral medications. The specific medication prescribed depends upon the type of fungus involved. Fingernails are renewed every six to eight months, whereas for toenails the process takes a year to eighteen months, and therefore the treatment must be continued for several months until all symptoms of the disease have disappeared.

Systemic antifungal medications,

terbinafine and itraconazole are quite effective but involve risk of adverse effects including liver function impairment and loss of tatste (Terbinafine) high cost.

Topical madicated nail paints

containing ciclopirox or amorolfine involve
Treatment of at least a year; some with daily application and some with twice weekly application. One of these kits includes mechanical nail filers.

Nd:YAG laser has been approved for onychomycosis treatment.
Clinical studies show effect in small minority of patients. Very high cost , and multiple treatment needed.

Over the internet offerings; different solutions requiring twice daily application for at least a year. Very slow improvement if any due to low compliance.

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Fungal Skin Infections – What To Do ?

Fungal Skin Infections-

Fungal  infections of the body caused by dermatophytes are common among children who come into close contact with pets.  These infections appear as scaly flat rings with red edges and pale centers.  The rings grow and cover large areas of the body, including the face.  Since the external symptoms of the infection can be mistaken for other diseases (i.e. psoriasis), dermatophytes should be identified by demonstrating their presence in a culture of the scales.  Incorrect treatment, such as the use of medications containing cortisone, can worsen the infection and cause it to spread to other areas of the body.

Early Treatment-

Early treatment is critical.  Untreated fungus infections spread rapidly and can be transmitted to other members of the family.  Scarring occurs in certain cases, especially if the patient scratches the infected site, or if there is a secondary bacterial infection.  Washing the area with an antifungal soap containing iodine and applying fungicidal creams and ointments are only effective during the early stages of a fungus infection.  In most cases the attending dermatologist will recommend a fungicide taken orally for about two months.  In any event, whenever a fungus infection has been diagnosed it is important to determine its source.  If the source is found to be a family pet, the animal must be treated by a veterinarian.


The most common form of fungus infections of the scalp is ringworm.  It usually affects children and is only rarely found in adults.  It appears as round areas on the scalp from which the hairs have broken off.  If there is no severe inflammation, the area will be dry and covered with white scales and black dots, which are actually the stumps of the broken hairs.  When a severe inflammation is present, the affected areas are red, swollen and covered with a purulent discharge.  The presence of such an inflammation indicates that the fungus has penetrated into the skin of the scalp, and scarring will occur.  In severe cases there is fever and the lymph glands of the neck are swollen.

There is a less frequent form of fungus infection of the scalp called favus which also primarily affects babies and children.  If not properly treated, the disease can continue into adolescence.  In the presence of favus the hair loses its shine and the scalp turns red, with small, yellow, bowl-shaped scabs clinging to the skin and to the hair.  In certain instances there is an unpleasant odor (reminiscent of mouse’s urine), and sometimes the nails are affected.


A fungus infection of the scalp can cause irreversible damage to the hair roots, leading to permanent bald patches.  It is therefore important to consult a dermatologist as soon as possible.  Such fungi are extremely infectious, and the patient should be isolated from other children until treatment has begun.  Topical medications and shampoos do not penetrate the skin of the scalp and do not destroy the fungus in the hair follicles.

It is now accepted practice to treat the disease orally.

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Athlet’s Feet Treatment And Prevention Are Possible

Athletes Feet Treatment And Prevention-

Fungus infections between the toes are very common, particularly in hot countries.  The warmth and moisture produced (between the fourth and fifth toes especially) provide an ideal environment for the development of fungi.They multiply and cause itching, maceration of the skin (the outer layer of the skin absorbs water, turns white and sloughs off); later, painful cracks appear.

Continued wearing of rubber-soled shoes or heavy boots increases the risk of this type of infection.  If left untreated it may spread to the soles of the feet and to the toenails.  Cracks between the toes can provide a source of bacteria which cause a serious skin infection called erysipelas.  Treating this disease in its early stage is simple.  For fifteen minutes every evening, the feet should be soaked in a basin of hot water to which a disinfectant soap containing iodine has been added.

After the feet have been thoroughly dried, a fungicidal cream or ointment should be applied to the soles of the feet and between the toes.  There are many such preparations on the market today, including Agispor, Cicloderm and Myco Hermal.  Treatment should be continued for two to three weeks after the symptoms have disappeared.

Prevent Reinfection-

To prevent reinfection, the feet should be exposed to the air as often as possible.  Cotton socks are preferable; shoes with leather soles (in which the feet perspire less) or sandals should be worn.  Wash the feet often and dust them with talc to absorb perspiration.

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